SrA Jaimon Graves was only 12 years-old when he experienced d…, The finale... ", "An Extraordinarily Expensive Way to Fight ISIS", "Northrop Grumman and USAF Verify Proper Fit of 30,000 lb Penetrator Weapon on B-2 Bomber. The display airframe is marked to resemble Spirit of Ohio (S/N 82-1070), the B-2 used to test the design's ability to withstand extreme heat and cold. B-2 test article (s/n AT-1000), the second of two built without engines or instruments for static testing, was placed on display in 2004 at the National Museum of the United States Air Force near Dayton, Ohio. 29 October 1994 – Severely damaged by fire in February 2010, 6510th Test Wing – Edwards AFB, California 1989–1992. [86] In July 2009, Northrop Grumman reported the B-2 was compatible with the equipment necessary to deploy the 30,000 lb (14,000 kg) Massive Ordnance Penetrator (MOP), which is intended to attack reinforced bunkers; up to two MOPs could be equipped in the B-2's bomb bays with one per bay,[87] the B-2 is the only platform compatible with the MOP as of 2012. Between 1952 and 1962, Boeing built 744 B-52s in a total of eight versions, designated A through H. The B-52A was primarily a test version. "Unraveling Stealth's 'Black World';Questions of Cost and Mission Arise Amid Debate Over Secrecy Series: Project Senior C.J. The total program cost averaged US$2.13 billion per aircraft. ", "Crisis in Libya: U.S. bombs Qaddafi's airfields. Although this is only a rendering, and may not contain all the details the new aircraft will have, in this post I'll compare the… Though designed originally as primarily a nuclear bomber, the B-2 was first used in combat dropping conventional, non-nuclear ordnance in the Kosovo War in 1999. ... TANG DYNASTY(TM) 1:200 Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber Metal Plane Model, US Air Force 2004, ... HI-Model 1/200 B2 B-2 Stealth and Strategic Bomber Plane Aircraft Finished Model. Both during development and in service, considerable effort has been devoted to maintaining the security of the B-2's design and technologies. (U.S. Air Force photo by Bobbie Garcia), A B-2 Spirit bomber flies across an open stretch of sky. In 1996, the General Accounting Office (GAO) disclosed that the USAF's B-2 bombers "will be, by far, the most costly bombers to operate on a per aircraft basis", costing over three times as much as the B-1B (US$9.6 million annually) and over four times as much as the B-52H (US$6.8 million annually). It developed stealth technology, LO (low observables), fly-by-wire, curved surfaces, composite materials, electronic intelligence (ELINT), and Battlefield Surveillance Aircraft Experimental (BSAX). [7] B-2s would be stationed in the Middle East as a part of a US military buildup in the region from 2003. [102] To avoid potential contact damage during takeoff and to provide a nose-down pitching attitude, all of the elevons remain drooped during takeoff until a high enough airspeed has been attained. [citation needed] The B-2's (s/n 82-1066 / AV-1) first public flight was on 17 July 1989 from Palmdale to Edwards AFB. B-2s have conducted 27 sorties from Whiteman AFB and 22 sorties from a forward operating location, releasing more than 1,500,000 pounds (680,000 kg) of munitions,[7] including 583 JDAM "smart bombs" in 2003. No operational B-2s have been retired by the Air Force to be put on display. A B-2 Spirit stealth bomber, a B-52 Stratofortress bomber, and a B-1B Lancer bomber make a rare appearance together, in format, for an air show earlier this month at Barksdale Air Force Base. Hennigan, W. J., "The $105M resurrection of a B-2 stealth bomber". [139] There were also concerns an airstrike would make it difficult to positively identify Bin Laden's remains and so confirming his death would be difficult. [136] The B-2s flew directly from the U.S. mainland across the Atlantic Ocean to Libya; a B-2 was refueled by allied tanker aircraft four times during each round trip mission. [15] Full development of the black project followed, and was funded under the code name "Aurora". Staff working on the B-2 in most, if not all, capacities have to achieve a level of special-access clearance, and undergo extensive background checks carried out by a special branch of the Air Force. $29.88 $ 29. b-21 stealth bomber (replacement for b-2 ) ( useful in scenarios 1 and 2 ) while this is nearly the same as b-2 , 2 real things have changed. "Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit". [125] The B-2 was the first aircraft to deploy GPS satellite-guided JDAM "smart bombs" in combat use in Kosovo. [155] The test article passed all structural testing requirements before the airframe failed. In July 2008, the B-2's onboard computing architecture was extensively redesigned; it now incorporates a new integrated processing unit (IPU) that communicates with systems throughout the aircraft via a newly installed fiber optic network; a new version of the operational flight program software was also developed, with legacy code converted from the JOVIAL programming language to standard C.[50][51] Updates were also made to the weapon control systems to enable strikes upon moving targets, such as ground vehicles. The B-2 brings massive, The winding-down of the Cold War in the latter portion of the 1980s dramatically reduced the need for the aircraft, which was designed with the intention of penetrating Soviet airspace and attacking high-value targets. U.S. Central Command operations deter adversaries and demonstrate support for allies and partners in the region. [6], The B-2 is capable of all-altitude attack missions up to 50,000 feet (15,000 m), with a range of more than 6,000 nautical miles (6,900 mi; 11,000 km) on internal fuel and over 10,000 nautical miles (12,000 mi; 19,000 km) with one midair refueling. The U.S. Air Force reports its range as approximately 6,000 nautical miles (6,900 mi; 11,000 km). [23] Unlike the Lockheed F-117 program, which was also a black project (the type of military project of which very few people knew even existed while it was being designed and developed) more people within the United States federal government knew about the B-2 and more information about the project was available. The C-5 is the largest plane currently deployed. No. 88. Northrop and Lockheed were awarded contracts in the first round of testing. [67], To reduce optical visibility during daylight flights, the B-2 is painted in an anti-reflective paint. [134][135], In March 2011, B-2s were the first U.S. aircraft into action in Operation Odyssey Dawn, the UN mandated enforcement of the Libyan no-fly zone. [7] Nuclear ordnance includes the B61 and B83 nuclear bombs; the AGM-129 ACM cruise missile was also intended for use on the B-2 platform. [67] Each aircraft has a crew of two, a pilot in the left seat and mission commander in the right,[7] and has provisions for a third crew member if needed. [3] The total program cost, which included development, engineering and testing, averaged $2.1 billion per aircraft in 1997. The aircraft is stealthy, except briefly when the bomb bay opens. The evaluation also noted that the Defensive Avionics suite had shortcomings with "pop-up threats". ", "USAF updates firefighter training and equipment following B-2 tailpipe fire", "The US Navy -- Fact File: AGM-154 Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW)", "New Video Of B-2 Bomber Dropping Mother Of All Bunker Busters Sends Ominous Message", "Air Force names final B-2 bomber 'Spirit of America", "Air Force, Options to Retire of Restructure the Force would Reduce Planned Spending, NSIAD-96-192. [70] The resemblance goes as far as B-2 and YB-49 having the same wingspan. [81][82], It was decided, in light of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, to equip the B-2 for conventional precision attacks as well as for the strategic role of nuclear-strike. [106] The bomber does not always fly stealthily; when nearing air defenses pilots "stealth up" the B-2, a maneuver whose details are secret. "The stealth technology developed from the program was later incorporated into other operational aircraft designs, including the B-2 stealth bomber". [5] As of 2018, twenty B-2s are in service with the United States Air Force, which plans to operate them until 2032, when the Northrop Grumman B-21 Raider is to replace it. "The B-2's Stealthy Skins Need Tender, Lengthy Care. The aircraft was destroyed, a hull loss valued at US$1.4 billion. Listen to a small snippet of CMSA... https://podcasts.apple.com/podcast/the-air-force-podcast/id1264107694?mt=2, Our mantra, "Always ready!" making it cheaper to maintain and repair than b-2 but still more costly than b-52 As a result, the flight control computers calculated an inaccurate airspeed, and a negative angle of attack, causing the aircraft to pitch upward 30 degrees during takeoff. CONVAIR B-36 vs Boeing B-52. B-2s have made periodic appearances on ground display at various air shows. Development of the first such designs started in 1975 with "the Hopeless Diamond", a model Lockheed built to test the concept. Price and other details may vary based on size and color. [65][107] The flying wing design most closely resembles a so-called infinite flat plate (as vertical control surfaces dramatically increase RCS), the perfect stealth shape, as it would lack angles to reflect back radar waves (initially, the shape of the Northrop ATB concept was flatter; it gradually increased in volume according to specific military requirements). [91] The DMS will be upgraded by 2021 to detect radar emissions from air defenses to allow changes to the auto-router's mission planning information while in-flight so it can receive new data quickly to plan a route that minimizes exposure to dangers. [121][122], The first operational aircraft, christened Spirit of Missouri, was delivered to Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri, where the fleet is based, on 17 December 1993. Lockheed received the sole award for the second test round in April 1976 leading to the Have Blue program and eventually the F-117 stealth attack aircraft. ", "Air Force Completes Preliminary Design Review of New B-2 Bomber Computer Architecture. Share Image. [57] However, in March 2012, the Pentagon announced that a $2 billion, 10-year-long modernization of the B-2 fleet was to begin. [15] Both teams used flying wing designs. The cost to procure each B-2 was US$737 million in 1997 dollars, based only on a fleet cost of US$15.48 billion. [34][35] Maintenance costs are about $3.4 million a month for each aircraft. [16] In 1979, designer Hal Markarian produced a sketch of the aircraft, that bore considerable similarities to the final design. Designed with aspects and features to resemble a B2 stealth bomber plane this military looking case is apt to turn some heads. (Video by Staff Sgt. ", Murphy, Robert D., Michael J. Glider. [1][4] The bomber can deploy both conventional and thermonuclear weapons, such as up to eighty 500-pound class (230 kg) Mk 82 JDAM Global Positioning System-guided bombs, or sixteen 2,400-pound (1,100 kg) B83 nuclear bombs. [60] In 2012 projections, it was estimated that the Next-Generation Bomber would have an overall cost of $55 billion. ", "Bolstering Spirits in the Year of the B-2", "B-2 Bomber Set to Receive Massive Upgrade", "Stalth - First glimpses of the invisible aircraft now under construction", "Dextroamphetamine Use During B-2 Combat Mission. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFRichJanos1994 (, Graham, Bradley. Strategic bomber sizes, ... From BUFF to Backfire, here the size comparison of the world's active service bomber fleet. It's the spirit we fly by! Bf 109 vs P-51 Mustang. A key reason for this cost is the provision of air-conditioned hangars large enough for the bomber's 172 ft (52 m) wingspan, which are needed to maintain the aircraft's stealth properties, particularly its "low-observable" stealth skins. [7][131], During the Iraq War, B-2s operated from Diego Garcia and an undisclosed "forward operating location". In 2008, a B-2 was destroyed in a crash shortly after takeoff, though the crew ejected safely. This stealth comes from a combination of reduced acoustic, infrared, visual and radar signatures (multi-spectral camouflage) to evade the various detection systems that could be used to detect and be used to direct attacks against an aircraft. ", "B-2 radar modernization program contract awarded. The Rockwell B-1 Lancer is a supersonic variable-sweep wing, heavy bomber used by the United States Air Force.It is commonly called the "Bone" (from "B-One"). ; The Story Behind The B-2 Bomber Series Number: 2/3. GAO/NSIAD-95-164. [7] The Pentagon's Operational Test and Evaluation 2003 Annual Report noted that the B-2's serviceability for Fiscal Year 2003 was still inadequate, mainly due to the maintainability of the B-2's low observable coatings. This includes development, procurement, facilities, construction, and spare parts. The B-2 was first publicly displayed on 22 November 1988 at United States Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California, where it was assembled. New about resiliency. "US to add one B-2 plane to 20 plane fleet. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. An aircraft having radar stealth characteristics would be able to fly nearly undetected and could be attacked only by weapons and systems not relying on radar. However, in 1995, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), and its Director of National Security Analysis, found that additional B-2s would reduce the cost of expended munitions by less than US$2 billion in 1995 dollars during the first two weeks of a conflict, in which the Air Force predicted bombers would make their greatest contribution; a small fraction of the US$26.8 billion (in 1995 dollars) life cycle cost that the CBO projected for an additional 20 B-2s.[48]. ", "USAF Awards B-2 Radar Upgrade Production. [152][153] At the time of the accident the USAF had no training to deal with tailpipe fires on the B-2s.[154]. ", "The Air Force Announced It's Upgrading The One Plane It Needs To Bomb Iran. The two person crew ejected safely from the aircraft and survived the crash. [67], The development and construction of the B-2 required pioneering use of computer-aided design and manufacturing technologies, due to its complex flight characteristics and design requirements to maintain very low visibility to multiple means of detection. [104] The B-2 is vulnerable to visual interception at ranges of 20 nmi (23 mi; 37 km) or less. B-2, U.S. long-range stealth bomber that first flew in 1989 and was delivered to the U.S. Air Force starting in 1993. [65] The B-2 is a flying wing aircraft, meaning that it has no fuselage or tail. When you consider that the B-52 was originally designed in 1946 and first flown in 1952, and is still in service with the US Air Force, I'd say that it is the best strategic bomber we have ever had. NOTES: Shapes below depict aircraft from wingtip-to-wingtip / nose-to-tail assuming aircraft are being viewed from overhead perspective (the nose pointing towards the top of the screen). ", "Engineer jailed for selling US stealth bomber technology to China. Share URL. [45] In October 1995, former Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, General Mike Ryan, and former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General John Shalikashvili, strongly recommended against Congressional action to fund the purchase of any additional B-2s, arguing that to do so would require unacceptable cuts in existing conventional and nuclear-capable aircraft,[46] and that the military had greater priorities in spending a limited budget. [81][117] At the engine intake, cold air from the boundary layer below the main inlet enters the fuselage (boundary layer suction, first tested on the Northrop X-21) and is mixed with hot exhaust air just before the nozzles (similar to the Ryan AQM-91 Firefly). [65] It has significant advantages over previous bombers due to its blend of low-observable technologies with high aerodynamic efficiency and large payload. In the B-2's original configuration, up to 16 GAMs or JDAMs could be deployed;[84] an upgrade program in 2004 raised the maximum carriable capacity to 80 JDAMs. The Northrop (later Northrop Grumman) B-2 Spirit, also known as the Stealth Bomber, is an American heavy strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses.Designed during the Cold War, it is a flying wing design with a crew of two. Additional reduction in its radar signature was achieved by the use of various radar-absorbent materials (RAM) to absorb and neutralize radar beams. Although the Silver Star is the third-highest military medal, it's not given oft... https://www.airforcespecialtactics.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/2024815/special-tactics-airman-battled-through-injuries-awarded-silver-star/fbclid/IwAR2LZWwx1VHdTnQe39rIEBOuJS_0JvMQBBGt7I-E6zsxxn-Lx9387yu43Bc/. Opposition in committee and in Congress was mostly broad and bipartisan, with Congressmen Ron Dellums (D-CA), John Kasich (R-OH), and John G. Rowland (R-CT) authorizing the motion to end the project—as well as others in the Senate, including Jim Exon (D-NE) and John McCain (R-AZ) also opposing the project. [85] The arrays of the upgraded radar features were entirely replaced to make the AN/APQ-181 into an active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar. Built and maintained by Northrop Grumman Corporation, the B-2 is a “flying wing,” a configuration consisting essentially of a short but very broad wing with no fuselage and tail. ", "President George H. Bush's State of the Union Address. The B-2 Spirit is a multi-role bomber capable of delivering both conventional and nuclear munitions. Mahulikar. ", "B-2 Stealth Bomber To Carry New Nuclear Cruise Missile", Air Force Upgrades B-2 Stealth Bomber as Modern Air Defenses Advance, "Upgrade drags Stealth Bomber IT systems into the 90s. It entered service in 1997 as the second aircraft designed to have advanced stealth technology after the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk attack aircraft. [67] "Forward operating locations" have been previously designated as Andersen Air Force Base in Guam and RAF Fairford in the United Kingdom, where new climate controlled hangars have been constructed. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. [81][118] In early 2004, Northrop Grumman began applying a newly developed AHFM to operational B-2s. HAL Tejas vs F-16 Fighting Falcon. [96], In addition to periodic software upgrades and the introduction of new radar-absorbent materials across the fleet, the B-2 has had several major upgrades to its avionics and combat systems. North Branch, Minnesota: Zenith Imprint, 2003. [98] The flight computer receives information on external conditions such as the aircraft's current air speed and angle of attack via pitot-static sensing plates, as opposed to traditional pitot tubes which would impair the aircraft's stealth capabilities. [43] In 1990, the Department of Defense accused Northrop of using faulty components in the flight control system; it was also found that redesign work was required to reduce the risk of damage to engine fan blades by bird ingestion. [32], In 1995, Northrop made a proposal to the USAF to build 20 additional aircraft with a flyaway cost of $566 million each. Feb 28, 2014 - Manufacturers Premium Quality Flying Jackets Members of, Modernizing readiness [93] In 2008, many of the 136[94] standalone distributed computers on board the B-2, including the primary flight management computer, were being replaced by a single integrated system. Program costs rose throughout development. [113][114], Some analysts claim infra-red search and track systems (IRSTs) can be deployed against stealth aircraft, because any aircraft surface heats up due to air friction and with a two channel IRST is a CO2 (4.3 µm absorption maxima) detection possible, through difference comparing between the low and high channel.[115][116]. The most apparent difference is that the B-21 has a clean diamond-shaped center body section in contrast to the B-2’s more jagged rear center wing outline. [7][66] At cruising altitude, the B-2 refuels every six hours, taking on up to 50 short tons (45,000 kg) of fuel at a time. The secrecy extended so far that access to nearly all information on the program by both Government Accountability Office (GAO) and virtually all members of Congress itself was severely limited until the mid-1980s. Cockpits. [24], For the manufacturing, a former Ford automobile assembly plant in Pico Rivera, California, was acquired and heavily rebuilt; the plant's employees were sworn to complete secrecy regarding their work. 63.32 ft (19.30 m)[Diff.+22.64 ft] SIZE COMPARISON. [16] The Northrop proposal was code named "Senior Ice" and the Lockheed proposal code named "Senior Peg". [155] The exhibit features Spirit of Ohio's nose wheel door, with its Fire and Ice artwork, which was painted and signed by the technicians who performed the temperature testing. ", B-2 Stealth Bomber article on How It Works Daily, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northrop_Grumman_B-2_Spirit&oldid=992112621, High-altitude and long endurance aircraft, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2012, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A U.S. Air Force B-2 Spirit flying over the Pacific Ocean in May 2006. Cost and Mission Arise Amid Debate Over Secrecy Series: Project Senior.. The aircraft, meaning that it has no fuselage or tail averaged US $ billion... This military looking case is apt to turn some heads b2 bomber size comparison its range as approximately 6,000 nautical miles ( mi... 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