3 As quoted in Marc Milner, North Atlantic Run: The Royal Canadian Navy and the Battle for the Convoys (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1985), 140. Worse followed that winter. Rank structure Engineering Branch Stoker Class Mechanician Chief Stoker Stoker Petty officer Stoker Petty Officer (2nd Class) (OS) Leading Stoker Acting Leading Stoker Stoker 1st Class Stoker 2nd Class Regards Charles Sweeps also led to the destruction of U-558 on July 31 by Skeena and the corvette Wetaskiwin. At times, special intelligence (called Ultra), provided by breaking the German operational codes for the North Atlantic, permitted highly effective routing. The U-boat was subsequently abandoned and the RCN was awarded credit. Indeed, a huge proportion of the 25,000 ships brought safely across the Atlantic during the war moved under Canadian escort. The RCN was not without ideas about how to fix these problems, but for various reasons none of these could be implemented. Probably arising from this incident, Stoker First Class T Robson was killed and is interred at St Pol de Leon Cemetery, Brittany, France. Stoker 1st Class Died of illness Jan. 12, 1947 Hope, Albert E. Able Seaman Died of illness Feb. 13, 1947 Carne, Wilfred J. The close escort only fought if the system failed. Add a record to our website. "Penarth." 29024 - 29 DECEMBER 1914 To receive the Distinguished Service Medal. Meanwhile, British support groups, equipped with newer equipment and in some cases (like EG-2) directed by special intelligence, scored with greater ease. Pieces 1-4 are of the early A & B series before service number 40,001 when numbers were allocated in groups of three, i.e. Senior British officers were not impressed, sharply criticizing what they labelled poorly directed sweeps. When a torpedo detonated in Itchen’s wake, it set off to screen the rescue operation of the corvette Polyanthus. Weyburn stumbled onto U-517 as it took aim at the Donald Stewart, driving the sub underwater just as the torpedoes were fired. In the battle around the fast UK to New York convoy ON-113 at the end of July two ships were lost, but St. Croix sank U-90. It was only partially successful, and it may simply have been the aggressive patrolling by Saguenay and Skeena during the transit that kept the pack at bay. But this all took time. For reference, the actual ranks of ratings (crewmen who are not officers) in the Royal Navy are: On to the Royal Navy trades, and three of the more common and unusual ones you will find in the Forces War Records database. 24. HMCS Restigouche (H00) departs Halifax May 15, 1942, fitted with her High Frequency Directing Finding (HF/DF) equipment. For services during the chase of the German Cruisers "Goeben" and "Breslau" by H.M.S. Individual service numbers from 1-165,000 are contained in the first 244 volumes with indexes to individual surnames in a further 23 volumes. Over the winter of 1943–44, much of the support group effort around transatlantic convoys fell to the Canadians, including EG-6, EG-9, and C-2. Anyone who has not served in the military may be completely caught out by an ‘Artificer’ or ‘Farrier-Sergeant’ in military records. But the subs could not always be avoided and the convoy system provided the focal point for much of the RCN’s war with the U-boats. The sinking of U-744 was a classic deep water ASW operation of the period: a large group of ships holding a deep contact, pounding it relentlessly with masses of depth charges and hoping that a lucky attack or sheer exhaustion in the submarine would end the action. First Class Stoker Tom Bellis, son of Mr. and Mrs. Bellis, 13 Back Brook street, Chester, who as we reported last week, was killed by a mine explosion, on Feb. 4 th last, while serving on board a minesweeper. He is buried in Malta Naval … The importance of destroyers was enhanced if their sweeps were directed by HF/DF. As the RN’s Monthly Anti-Submarine Report for January 1943 conceded, “The Canadians have had to bear the brunt of the U-Boat attack in the north Atlantic for the last six months, that is to say, of about half of the German U-boats operating at sea….” That they did so with a fleet manned largely by reservists who “put up a good show is immensely to their credit.” In short, during the last half of 1942 the Canadian Navy shouldered the weight of the U-boat war. Douglas, who served as a stoker first class, saw battle all over the world, including Normandy and D-Day at Juno Beach. Your comment has been sent for approval. Stoker 1st Class William Fisher, RCNVR, with Wren Jill Humphreys. Through the fall of 1941, NEF operations remained plagued by poor equipment, too few destroyers and escort group commanders, no training, and an operational cycle between Newfoundland and Iceland that was unbearable as winter set in. The corvette smothered the U-boat in gunfire, blowing off the sub’s anti-aircraft gun and riddling the conning tower with holes. Frist Class Stoker Bellis, who was 31 years of age, joined the Navy in June 1916 and was previously employed at the Hydraulic … Snagging the contact with a grappling hook on a wire, and sliding a depth charge down the wire to “cook off” against the target achieved further “classification.” EG-11 called this “tin opening.” If the debris — especially bodies or parts thereof — was fresh and German, it was probably a sub. Boy 1st Class Seaman Cook Musician Signalman Stoker 2nd and 3rd Class Telegraphist: Private Bandsman Craftsman Driver Gunner Pioneer Sapper Signaller Trooper: Aircraftman/woman: Able Seaman Steward Stoker 1st Class Writer Leading Aircraftman/woman: Non-commissioned officers RAN. Canadian fortunes were redeemed the next night when Prentice’s Chambly blew U-501 to the surface right in front of Moose Jaw. In the fall of 1942, they used that new warning device to help them home-in on Canadian escorts using their SW1C sets. The Royal Navy in World War 2 was a huge and complex organisation spread all across the world. As a result, EG-5’s first foray off northwest Spain nearly ended in catastrophe, when the Germans employed their new glider-bombs to attack the ships, including the new RCN Tribal-class destroyer Athabaskan. Because the emphasis of this page is on rank and rating distinctions, the uniform trousers and s… In May 1941, the British asked them to fill that gap in transatlantic anti-submarine escort of convoys. and Auxiliaries’ from our Historic Archive. Kildorrey. In the spring of 1943, victory around the transatlantic convoys was won by a combination of better weather, improved intelligence, increased air support, and designated “support groups” that were able to hunt and kill U-boats. Two signalmen on HMCS Assiniboine use a flashing light to communicate with another ship in the convoy (seen in background), July 10, 1940. Escort groups were often ad hoc, leadership was inconsistent, and group training non-existent — because no permanent group training establishment existed. The RCN continued to enjoy success in its ASW operations in the fall of 1944, when things were generally very quiet as the Germans adjusted to the loss of bases in France. U-806 sank the minesweeper Clayoquot just off Halifax on Christmas Eve, and then, in early January, U-1232 began a successful cruise off Nova Scotia. Tankers were prized targets and strategically placed in the centre of a convoy for maximum protection, but a skillful and daring U-boat captain could strike even at the heart of a convoy. It was early the next morning before Itchen returned to pluck 100 survivors of St. Croix from the sea and headed back into the battle. No one in Ettrick knew what had struck it until the hull was examined in drydock and bits of U-1232 removed; the sub, however, survived. Stoker 1st Class Francis Albert Anstis DKX/122179 This is the story of Frank Anstis Naval service during WW2. Date of death Thursday 6 July 1916 (aged 24) A Street Near You. However, events at sea undermined the Canadian case. They played key roles in the corvette HMCS Chambly's (K116) sinking of German submarine U-501 on September 10, 1941, the RCN's first confirmed submarine sinking of the Second World War. Ironically, the RCN’s last “kill” of the war, U-1003, occurred when a snorkelling U-boat collided with New Glasgow on a dark night. By November the Allies were also operating in the Atlantic without the benefit of Ultra intelligence. Anyone with mechanical or engineering experience would be much more useful as an engine room artificer, for example, than as a writer. MILITARY FUNERAL AT LOUGHBOROUGH. That trend continued over the summer, as the best of the North Atlantic ASW veterans — ships as well as men — concentrated in British waters to support the Allied landings in France that started on June 6. According to his service record during this time he served on various ships frequently returning to Pembroke II. The moment came in May, when U-553 sank the steamers Nicoya and Leto between Gaspé and Anticosti Island. Meanwhile, the second RCN support group, EG-9, arrived in the UK. Nonetheless, serious equipment shortfalls remained, especially the lack of modern radar. Army. But it was not an easy or direct path. The RCN had been driven to the brink of collapse in 1942, in the face of enormous enemy pressure. ASW veterans soon understood that proper classification of the contact was all-important — and extremely difficult. Sub-Lt Donald Harold Godwin, HMCS VALLEYFIELD, of Hamilton, ON - MID Article on VALLEYFIELD survivors . Eventually Assiniboine rammed the U-boat, sending it to the bottom and the destroyer into port for months of repairs. Waterloo County Soldier Information Cards - World War II Last Name First Name Rank Regiment/Battalion Residence [R] or Hometown [H] A Ableson Albert Private H.Q. The sad news was received with great regret. It disappeared in a shattering blast caused by a torpedo detonating just below its magazine. stoker-1st-class-frederick-sears-royal-navy Free Account Registration To view the record for Ernest W Sears you must be a Full Access Member , take the first step here. PORTSMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL WW2 NAME ALSO ON THESE MEMORIALS DATE NUMBER RANK ADDITIONAL INFO ABBEY JM 1942 ABLE SEAMAN ABBOT … Stoker 1st Class. He was aged 25 and one of 14 crew reported missing, believed dead. FYI: Submarines were petrol- and diesel-powered whilst on the surface - and one class was driven by steam boilers - and whilst submerged all relied on batteries powering electric … The frigate raced back and sank the U-boat after a brief but fierce gun battle. It had never been used extensively under operational conditions, but interwar trials and training suggested that few subs — expected to operate inshore and submerged — would now escape the deadly combination of asdic and depth charges. Date of death Saturday 17 March 1917 (aged 22) D. Wilson Aircraftman 1st Class … Trumpet / Bugle Major. Cape Howe, Royal Navy. First World War casualty details for Stoker 1st Class Albert Edward Thompson Royal Navy, HM S/M. Mate A.F. The first to do so was QS-33, which lost one ship and the armed yacht HMCS Raccoon to U-165 on 7 September off Cap Chat. Two groups of RCN River-class frigates, EG-6 and -9, joined three British groups to form an outer barrier to the English Channel between Brest and the south of Ireland. Until they learned to anticipate the impact of tidal currents on their own movements and on water passing quickly over bottom features, it was not unusual to have reports of large boulders moving at considerable speed along the bottom. The escort had much new equipment aboard, but the radars and HF/DF sets were not yet calibrated and the assigned British destroyer failed to show. This allowed contact to be maintained until the last possible moment, and eliminated the sudden burst of speed in the final attack run that would alert the U-boat. Quite apart from Canadian shortcomings, the British were anxious about the mid-ocean by November for other reasons. EG-11’s skill owed a great deal to the tenacity, patience, and inventive genius of its officers and men. In one day alone Restigouche used its HF/DF set to locate and drive off five U-boats as they made their sighting reports: two were damaged. In late September, 20 U-boats equipped with this new equipment lay in wait for ONS-18/ON-202, two convoys that joined together as they approached the pack. E.26. (d.6 Dec 1918) James Allen served in H.M.S. Had previously assisted in rescuing the survivors of HMS Bulwark in Sheerness Harbour. {waa} Stoker 2nd class The RCN also understood the need to reinforce threatened convoys, especially in the fog shrouded waters of the Grand Banks. Stoker 1st Class HMS Hecla (F 20) + Bennett, John Frank, SANF 23 Engine Room Artificer 4th Class HMS Hecla (F 20) + Bicknell, Alfred, RN 41 Stoker 1st Class HMS Hecla (F 20) + … and we’ll get back to you with as much information as we can. Please select all that apply: A link, button or … Prior to oil fired boilers, stokers were primarily responsible for transporting and shovelling coal to the furnaces. We have listed the main sources but there may be others. Stoker 1st Class Stewart Potts (D/SKX942) served in the Royal Navy during World War Two. As one German U-boat captain later observed, once down into the Gulf through the 15-metre depth “layer” they were as “safe as in the bosom of Abraham.”2. 1940 photo of HMS Javelin showing stern entirely blown off. Other Biographical Details. Canadian Anti-Acoustic Torpedo (CAAT) gear. Rear-Admiral L.W. All that Itchen ever found of the corvette was wreckage and a single man clinging to it: Polyanthus, too, had been completely destroyed by a single homing torpedo. Then suddenly U-744 bobbed to the surface near Chilliwack. The RCN was aware of the need for action, too. Two Type VIIC German submarines (U-boats) prepare to leave port. Moose Jaw eventually rammed it, then used its guns to keep the Germans from manning their armament. Record: BROWN, ALEXANDER CUTHBERTSON Additional information: Son of Charles and Mary Brown, of 65, Russell St., Ayr. Map showing the major theatres of operation for the RCN during the Battle of the Atlantic. Star above - Engineering Mechanic 1st class 27. Letters 'FF' below - Stoker Firefighter 28. 1940 photo of HMS Javelin showing stern entirely blown off Javelin participated in the Operation Ironclad assault on Madagascar in May 1942. Only the RCN’s pre-war River class and the ex-American “four-stacker” St. Croix class had the range to operate in the mid-ocean. Since the previous February, Allied cryptanalysts had been unable to read the signals of Atlantic U-boats. The destroyers protected the convoy from submarines inshore. HMCS Orillia (K119) as seen from the deck of HMCS Chambly (K116) in the fog of the North Atlantic. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for ROYAL NAVY STOKER 1st CLASS VETERAN STICKER - UK - CARS - VANS - LAPTOPS at the best … In 1940 none of this seemed to matter. The landings in North Africa on November 8 resulted in the suspension of the eastern Atlantic convoys, making the mid-ocean the only way in or out of Britain. However, it did make Allied victory in 1945 possible. At the least, HF/DF-directed sweeps reduced the number of U-boats the escort had to fight. The service particulars in pieces 9-82, from service number 42922, are continued in eight … 5 The class designation followed British usage; Canadian frigates generally were named after Canadian towns, with destroyers taking river names. As Chief of the Naval Staff, Commodore Percy Nelles observed in 1937, “If international law is complied with, Submarine attack should not prove serious.” However, should submariners again resort to unrestricted attacks, Nelles felt that “the means of combating the Submarines are considered to have so advanced that by employing a system of convoy and utilizing Air Forces, losses to Submarines would be very great and might compel the enemy to give up this form of attack.”. Commander J.D. The British were not convinced that destroyers were the solution. Related Content: Can you help us to add to our records? The Allied offensive over the summer consisted of air assaults in the Bay of Biscay, and by USN escort carriers off northwest Africa and south of the Azores. Pickard and Chief Engine Room Artificer W. Spence, St. John's, Newfoundland, 1942. Percy James PHILLIPPO Private 33129 Essex Regt. At sea. In contrast to the struggling Canadians, the British groups in the mid-ocean sank U- boats and put up effective radar barriers around their convoys. In 1943, the Allies won the Battle of the Atlantic and, in three distinct phases, inflicted a punishing defeat on the U-boats. The burden of this new role fell on the RCN’s corvettes, those jacks-of-all-trades built for local work. C-2 circled the U-boat that night, maintaining asdic contact and waiting for first light to renew its attacks. SUBMARINE. But the expansion of the war in 1942 resulted in two defeats for the RCN that year. All boats were essentially the same, although they could be adapted to serve in several roles by the expedient of having pre-drilled rails on their decks spaced to allow the fitting of various types of armaments. Only 15 early model radars were fitted to Canadian corvettes before the end of the year, and communications remained a major impediment: in mid-October, Shediac missed a flag signal ordering a change in convoy course and the next morning found itself alone at sea. Circumstances of Death. Military rank structures and trade designations can be difficult to understand for the un-initiated amongst us. "Gloucester," 6th and 7th August, 1914:. Whilst Stoker 1st Class George Morgan survived the actions of March 1942, he was to die just 6 weeks later during HMS Trinidad’s attempts to return home (via Philadelphia where it would undergo further repairs and a refit). When the British objected to the establishment of a special Canadian support group to operate there, the RCN had to fudge one. A sailor who worked in the boiler room. JAMES HAROLD BELL C/KX 137605, Stoker 1st Class, HMS Welshman, Royal Navy. (Library and Archives Canada photo PA-056818). It was a devastating blow to Canadian prestige and morale. After a pause for several hours, and amid deteriorating weather, C-2 attacked again in the late afternoon. As a result, the Newfoundland Escort Force (NEF) was born and with it the commencement of the RCN’s war on U-boats. Artificers are essentially skilled mechanics, and within the Royal Navy can be assigned a variety of jobs in the engine room as previously mentioned, but also in the electrical, aircraft and ordnance sections. A … Pipe Major. Moreover, convoy battles in July and August were not without success for the RCN. Bliss was right. For Posterity's Sake A Royal Canadian Navy Historical Project RCN TRADE BADGES WORLD WAR II 1950 Mid-1950s 1960 - 1968 1960 - 1968 (RCNR) D.E.M.S. Stoker 1st Class Service Number: K/33651. During the initial confused night action of September 8-9, when seven ships were lost, the escort caught only glimpses of the attackers. Although … In 1939, the RCN expected submarines to be a manageable problem. At the time of his death Stoker Rafferty was serving on the HMS Broke, with the HMS Attentive II as his home base. Had the rump of C-3 been fitted with modern radar they could have turned the poor visibility to advantage. Royal Naval Division (RND) officers and men who served during the First World War: The National Archives guide to Royal Naval Division service records; Service records (ADM 339) on TNA, Lives of the First World War and FindMyPast (£) An index with links to TNA records on Ancestry (£) Approximately 50,000 original service records at NMRN; The service records of those who … The U-boats therefore achieved some success off Canada in 1944, torpedoing the frigate Magog in the St. Lawrence River and the corvette Shawinigan off Port aux Basques in the fall of 1944. Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships … The sinking of U-536 in November 1943 marked the start of a year-long period in which the Canadian Navy was second to none in finding and sinking submarines. When the Canadian Navy ordered its initial wartime shipbuilding program in early 1940, its main vessel — the corvette — was completed as a jack-of-all-trades, but would prove to be master of none. In theory, the British made up for the shortfall of destroyers in Canadian groups. The root cause of both was the lingering problem of outdated equipment, but this was exacerbated by the over-commitment of the RCN to operations in support of its allies. Class Royal Canadian Air Force Ayr Ball R.J. What are these records? Nonetheless, both the navy and the government took intense public criticism for their inability to keep the nation’s main artery open in the face of enemy attack. In the absence of HF/DF, the group used its medium frequency direction finders (fitted for navigational purposes) to locate the MF homing beacons of shadowing U-boats. Fought largely by reservists in small ships built in Canada and operating from Canadian bases, the defence of North Atlantic trade against the submarine menace defined a naval role for Canada within a much larger alliance. By creating an account you agree to us emailing you with newsletters and discounts, which you can switch off in your account at any time. World War 1 One ww1 wwII greatwar great 1207446. For three hours, C-2 boiled the ocean with barrages of depth charges, shattering machinery in U-744 and causing its pressure hull to leak, but the intrepid submariners refused to quit. Drum Major. Under operational conditions submarines proved remarkably difficult to locate and destroy, but what really confounded the Allies was the adoption of new tactics by Germany’s U-boats. A Canadian who had retired from the Royal Navy in 1934, Prentice thought that the nimble and highly manoeuvrable corvette was more than a match for the U-boat, and he taught their crews to launch “quick attacks.” These called for a steady 12-knot speed during both the search and the final depth charge attack. Even Lieutenant-Commander P.M. Bliss, RN, recently arrived in Ottawa from St. John’s as the new staff officer, anti-submarine, rejected the British assertion, observing “that when C groups are brought up technically to B groups a very great increase in efficiency will result without reference whatever to training and experience.”4. Initial research shows that Stoker 1st Class Smith Martin was born in Sheffield on 26th June 1896 and was the son of George and Martha Martin. Besides, there were some in the RCN who thought the corvette was an excellent ASW vessel, especially the Senior Officer, Canadian Corvettes, Lieutenant-Commander James Douglas “Chummy” Prentice, RCNR (Royal Canadian Naval Reserve). ‘Rank and Badges in The Navy, Army, R.A.F. Cape Howe, Royal Navy Died on 21st June 1940, Aged 20 Commemorated Portsmouth Naval Memorial, Panel 42, Column 3. Taken from The Naval Service of Canada 1910-2010: The Centennial Story So learning a new form of ASW and sorting out the enemy from the background clutter became the story of the summer of 1944.The best at doing this was EG-11, which sank three U-boats, the best score of any group over the summer. TORPEDO: Torpedo Gunner's Mate: Torpedo Coxswain: Leading Torpedoman (Low Power) Leading Torpedoman: Seaman Torpedoman WIRELESS. Torpedoed in the English Channel. Royal Navy H.M.S. … These destroyers soon joined escort forces for convoys in the Western Approaches. One was sunk by the RCAF early in the battle, while Restigouche used its HF/DF to help drive off shadowers. Besides the Channel-clearing effort, the RCN committed four support groups to this campaign. “I lost my best friend and I … When his group dissolved in August due to increased operational commitments, the Americans and British soon established the “Western Support Force” to fill the need. The Admiralty Yard Craft Service was the civilian service which operated auxiliary vessels for the British Admiralty, mainly in HM Dockyards or the vicinity. 210422. The RCN-RCAF combined operations room at St. John’s. In November, Saguenay was damaged in a collision and St. Croix went into refit, leaving Canadian mid-ocean groups desperately short of destroyers. , RCNVR, with Wren Jill Humphreys experts: forces war records Web Manager Neil White talks his... On 14th February 1940, aged 19 home-in on Canadian escorts using their navigational echo sounder 6! Was to get the RCN had expanded too rapidly, taken on too many tasks, was trained... Survivor of HMCS Drumheller ( K167 ), SS Athenia arrives in Montreal, circa.... Intercepted while still west of Cape Race be inadequate of death Thursday 6 July (... Assault on Madagascar in May 1941, using newly commissioned and ill-equipped Canadian corvettes with poorly trained and led. 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Oil that was in his lungs on 14.8.1941 oil that was in his lungs on.! As it took aim at the time it was not so fortunate pieces 1-4 are of the Shetlands fall 1942! Survivor perished Gatineau picked-up U-744 on asdic at a great depth clerical, being rated as,. ; Polyanthus ’ s wake, it set off to screen the Operation!, it set off to screen the rescue Operation of the five U-boats destroyed in the Operation Ironclad assault Madagascar! In Singapore salvage the U-boat in gunfire, blowing off the sub with depth charges, inflicting damage! Come to them Royal Air Force Died on 14th February 1940, aged commemorated... For Stoker 1st Class the expertise displayed by the time it was a fair.. Hmnzs PHILOMEL 22 ) Connected records major revision stoker 1st class ww2 the war for RCN ASW, then used its HF/DF help! Moving in convoys 20 commemorated Portsmouth Naval Memorial, Panel 42, 3! Moment came in May 1942 February 1940, aged 20 commemorated Portsmouth Naval Grave\Panel! Class Paul Harris joined the Royal Navy during World war is clearly evident here! For Canadians on the HMS Broke, with a concentration of successes in the mid-ocean by November the Allies also... Was complicated by the RCN had to fudge one party from the deck of HMCS,... Winter and early spring St. Croix went into refit, leaving Canadian mid-ocean groups short! The Canadian government asking that the first year of the early a & B before. With poorly trained and badly led the system failed bobbed to the right! Rcn that year season and other ports could handle the traffic you have done,..., Halifax, November 1941 Croix ; Polyanthus ’ s, their new CAAT gear was.... Armed yacht HMCS Raccoon ( S14 ) on patrol, April 1941 at what C! German submarines ( U-boats ) prepare to leave port still west of Cape.. Alexander Cuthbertson Brown Royal Navy, being rated as Stoker, Second Class, HMS Welshman, Royal during... Establishment HMNZS PHILOMEL Navy ’ s mid-ocean escorts with coal from a coal.... “ wolf pack ” to a stalemate for most of the war Branch and completed appropriate training the... A stalemate for most of the Atlantic war against the U-boats, they must at least 1950 the asdic! July 31 by Skeena and the destroyer into port for months of repairs July 1916 ( 22! Eventually rammed it, then used its HF/DF to help them home-in on Canadian escorts using their echo. Shrouded waters of the attackers convoy en route to Liverpool, October 1941 s war against U-boats! Undermined the Canadian case attacked the little Quebec-Labrador convoy NL-6 could do to new!: it remained tied primarily to close escort only fought if the system failed salvage U-boat... Sank U-1006 North of the North Atlantic Allied navies in the St. Lawrence River and let the convoys come them. Since the previous February, Allied cryptanalysts had been rescued from St. Croix returns to after. Season and other ports could handle the traffic torpedoes were fired fall of 1942, the British long! Rammed the U-boat raced by it on an opposite course drawing fire from every gun within....